Present Government of India under the leadership of Modi and Saffron Nationalist party BJP, failed measurably to handle the situation in Kashmir and failed to protect the Human Rights in Kashmir. Situation becomes worsened after the assassination of Burhan Wani by the Indian security forces. Burhan Wani was believed to be the warrior of Kashmir. It is common belief for the followers of Burhan Wani that he was not terrorist but a sacred warier and he was not killed but achieved his martyrdom after fighting with the enemy’s army of India. Today’s situation of Indian hold Kashmir is moreover like the situation of Palestine & Israel. Kashmir problem starts in the year 1947, and history of the Israel–Palestinian conflict began with the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948. India always blames Pakistan for deteriorating situation of Kashmir. To blame Pakistan alone for the political situation or the current unrest in the Valley is a distortion of the truth.
Human Rights abuse by Indian Security forces in Jammu & Kashmir a disputed territory administered by India is not new but it is keeps going on since from 1947 and it is still on. The Indian army, central reserve police force, border security personnel allegedly committing serious Human Rights abuse on Kashmir civilians ranging Mass Killing, third degree torture, illegal detention, gang rape and sexual abuse, forced disappearance. In the year 2009 mass grave containing 2900 bodies found in North Kashmir. Most of the people disappeared with mystery in 55 villages in three districts — Bandipora, Baramulla, and Kupwara — of North Kashmir some of them arrested by Indian securities on the name of enquiry or having link with Jihadis and they ever returned to home back. During the probe it has come to know that 90% cadavers in the graves were unarmed and killed in cold blooded, with very close shot of gun. In most of the graves contained more than two bodies. In some cases bodies ranged from 3 to 17.
In Current turmoil of Kashmir after the July 2016, about 11000 people are missing those who were arrested by Indian Security forces or disappeared, and their whereabouts are unknown to their family members. The reputation of Indian Government destroyed and claim of India a democratic country and protect the voice of people is proved a false claim. Some of the international communities view on the situation of Kashmir and serious Human Rights Violation of Indian Security forces over the civilians of Kashmir.
Pakistan Prime Minister Mr. Nawaz Sharif in statement expressed “Shock” over the killing of Burhan Wani and other civilians by Indian Security Forces. He also said that it was "deplorable that excessive and unlawful force was used against the civilians.
United Nations Chief Ban Ki Moon conveyed his concern over the Kashmir tense situation as reported by his spokesperson Stephane Dujarric and called for maximum restraint.
Spokesperson John Kirby briefing the media in Washington on 12 July said that the United States was concerned about the violence in Jammu & Kashmir during which 30 people have been killed by Indian forces. Elizabeth Trudeau, Director, United States Press Office in the Department, who briefed the media on Thursday 14 July 2016, said that the US is concerned about the violence and deaths of civilians in Kashmir and stated that the US government was in touch with the Government of India as well as the Government of Pakistan
In a statement issued by its spokesperson Michael Mann on 28 July, the European Union expressed its condolences to the civilians killed and injured during the unrest while urging the restoration of calm and maintenance of law and order in the state. He also urged India and Pakistan to involve people of Kashmir in the dialogue process over the state.
Organization of Islamic Cooperation
In July 2016, the 57-member Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) expressed serious concern over alleged human rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir by the Indian military and para-military forces. In August, OIC's secretary-general Iyad bin Amin Madani during a press conference in Islamabad said human rights violations in Kashmir were "not an internal matter of the Indian state", adding: "The international community should raise its voice against the atrocities in India-held Kashmir. The situation in Kashmir is heading towards a referendum. No one should be afraid of a referendum and the solution should be through the United Nations resolutions."
The spokesman of China's Foreign Ministry, Lu Kang, in a statement to the press, expressed the government's concern over the casualties due to the unrest and called for a proper settlement of the Kashmiri issue through peaceful means.
Turkey's Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu in a joint press conference with Pakistani Prime Minister's foreign advisor Sartaj Aziz on 2 August said that his country backed Pakistan's position of sending a team from the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation in order to probe the alleged human rights violations in Kashmir. He also said that his country hoped the Kashmir issue will be resolved through dialogue.
Pakistani media reports claimed that Italy's defence minister Roberta Pinotti while on a to Pakistan said the use of force and lethal weapons by security forces against civilians was "unbearable", and that Italy would apprise the international community concerning the situation in Kashmir.
Amnesty International accused Indian security forces were using "arbitrary and excessive force" to deal with the protests in Kashmir. It also stated that their actions were a violation of international standards and were leading to a worsening of the human rights crisis in the state. The organisation also critisiced the use of pellet guns stating they had been used a 100 times in Kashmir during the first week of September 2016 even though its use was meant to be rare. It called for their ban stating they were dangerous and also expressed concern at the deployment of PAVA shells in the state as they could be used in an "arbitrary or indiscriminate manner". While, following a seminar on human rights abuses in Kashmir, Amnesty International was accused of sedition in India.
Human Rights Watch
In July, the Human Rights Watch (HRW) urged Indian authorities to credibly and impartially investigate the use of lethal force in Kashmir. HRW's South Asia Director Meenakshi Ganguly criticized India for previously ignoring "the finding of abuses under the draconian Armed Forces Special Powers Act". Later in October, the HRW urged Indian authorities to end the use of the Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act (PSA) to arbitrarily detain people, including children.
Reactions against use of pellet guns
Human rights organisations like Amnesty International have asked the Indian government for prohibition on the use of pellet guns during street demonstrations against stone-throwing protesters. On 4 August, Amnesty International India called for a ban on the use of the guns following the death of a third person due to injuries inflicted by them.
Even after vast criticism by International community, Indian Government is unable to amend its stand over Kashmir, which shows clear Monarch tendency who cannot respect the voice of people, rather apply excessive force to curb the people demand.
Zuber Ahmed Khan